原标题:澳大利亚原油与凝析油产量创8年来新高

    中国石化新闻网讯 据8月15日阿格斯网站消息:澳大利亚的原油和凝析油产量在2019年7月至2020年6月财政年度达到了八年来的最高水平,这主要得益于海上液化天然气项目的凝析油产量激增。

    2019-2020年原油和凝析油总产量从去年的31.5万桶/天上升至37.05万桶/天。根据澳大利亚石油统计(APS)数据,这是自2011-2012年41.5万桶/天以来的最高水平。

    同一期间凝析油产量为22.44万桶/天,高于2018-2019年间20.2万桶/天的记录,也高于2011-2012年间12.9万桶/天的74%。

    在过去的五年中,已经启动了几个生产凝析油的液化天然气项目,包括由雪佛龙运营的Gorgon液化天然气项目15.6万吨/年和Wheatstone液化天然气项目8.9万吨/年,以及8.9万吨/年Ichthys液化天然气项目和3.6万吨/年Prelude浮动液化天然气项目。

    澳大利亚原油产量在2019-2020年达到14.6万桶/天的三年高点,高于一年前的11.3万桶/天,也是自2016-2017年15.45万桶/天以来的最高水平。

    澳大利亚的四家炼油厂正在使用更多的国内原油,为不断增长的产量提供了现成的市场。APS的数据显示,2019-2020年,该国国内生产的原油占平均原油用量(4.57万桶/天)的26%,而2018-2019年这一比例为19.2%,为5.1万桶/天。

    但由于疫情对航空和公路运输的影响,航空燃料和汽油产量受到打击,澳大利亚的成品油产量降至至少9年来的最低水平。2019-2020年成品油日产量为44.67万桶,低于2018-2019年的50.2万桶,为2010-2011年APS数据系列开始以来的最低水平。

    所有主要精炼产品(汽油,喷气燃料和柴油)的产量均跌至长期低位。澳大利亚的国内成品油销售在2019-2020年度创下了五年低点,即98.1万桶/天,低于2018-2019年度的105万桶/天,是2014-2015年度以来的96.6万桶/天的最低水平。

    澳大利亚依靠进口来满足国内消费。原油和成品油进口量从2018-2019年度的99.5万桶/天降至2019-2020年度的平均92.5万桶/天。在2015-2016年度,进口量下降至90.5万桶/天。

    下降的主要原因是原油进口疲软,从2018-2019年度的37.5万桶/天降至2019-2020年度的30.4万桶/天,为9年多以来的最低水平。

    相比之下,在2019-2020年期间,成品油进口量较上年同期稳定,为62.1万桶/天。

    冯娟 摘译自 阿格斯

    原文如下:

    Australian crude, condensate output at eight-year high

    Australia's crude and condensate production hit an eight-year high in the July 2019 to June 2020 fiscal year, thanks mainly to a surge in condensate output from offshore LNG projects.

    Total crude and condensate output rose to 370,500 b/d in 2019-20 from 315,000 b/d a year earlier. This was the highest level for any fiscal year since 415,000 b/d in 2011-12, according to the government's Australian Petroleum Statistics (APS) data.

    Condensate output was 224,400 b/d in 2019-20, up from the previous record of 202,000 b/d in 2018-19 and 74pc higher than 129,000 b/d in 2011-12.

    Several LNG projects that also produce condensate have started in the past five years, including the 15.6mn t/yr Gorgon LNG and 8.9mn t/yr Wheatstone LNG ventures operated by Chevron, as well as the 8.9mn t/yr Ichthys LNG and 3.6mn t/yr Prelude floating LNG projects.

    Australian crude production reached a three-year high of 146,000 b/d in 2019-20, up from 113,000 b/d a year earlier and the highest since 154,500 b/d in 2016-17.

    Australia's four refineries are using more domestic crude, providing a ready market for the rising production. Domestically produced crude accounted for 26pc of average feedstock use of 457,600 b/d in 2019-20, compared with 19.2pc of 511,000 b/d in 2018-19, the APS data show.

    But Australia's refined product output fell its lowest level in at least nine years, as jet fuel and gasoline production was hit by the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on air and road travel. Refined product output was 446,700 b/d in 2019-20, down from 502,000 b/d in 2018-19 and the lowest since the APS data series started in 2010-11.

    Output of all key refined products - gasoline, jet fuel and diesel - fell to long-term lows. Australia's domestic oil product sales hit a five-year low of 981,000 b/d in 2019-20, down from 1.05mn b/d in 2018-19 and the lowest since 966,000 b/d in 2014-15.

    Australia relies on imports to meet domestic consumption. Imports of crude and refined products dropped to an average of 925,000 b/d in 2019-20 from 995,000 b/d in 2018-19. Imports were last lower at 905,000 b/d in 2015-16.

    The decline was largely the result of weaker crude oil imports, which fell to 304,000 b/d in 2019-20 from 375,000 b/d in 2018-19 to the lowest in more than nine years.

    By contrast, refined product imports were steady from a year earlier at 621,000 b/d in 2019-20.

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